© 2020 Alaska DOT&PF DBE Disparity Study
The study will encompass the utilization and availability estimates of firms in the marketplace and will calculate any disparity and collect anecdotal data from business owners.
Legal Review & Framework: A review of the legal framework on which disparity studies are based, including standards established by the U.S. Supreme Court in City of Richmond v. J.A. Croson Co., the US Ninth Circuit Court decision, WESTERN STATES PAVING COMPANY v. WASHINGTON STATE DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION, and other relevant court cases with emphasis on program and methodological requirements.
Contracting Policies, Practices, & Procedures Review and Analysis: A detailed examination of the State of Alaska Statutes, policies, and procedures that previously governed and currently govern FHWA, FAA, and FTA contracts.
Data Evaluation, Collection, and Processing: Assessment of the availability of awards data maintained by the Alaska DOT&PF, collection of all pertinent electronic and hard-copy data appropriate and available to execute various analyses associated with the disparity study. Data will include prime contractor and subcontract award data for construction and professional services within the scope of the study’s time period.
Relevant Geographic Market and Product Market Analyses: An evaluation to determine the relevant geographic market and product market areas of awarded dollars with firms based on their location.
Public Sector Utilization: Collection and analysis of utilization data of DBE firms on the Alaska DOT&PF’s prime contracts and subcontracts.
Estimation of DBE Availability: Using various sources, an estimation of the availability of DBE firms in the relevant geographic and product markets.
Public Sector Disparity Ratios: Calculations that help determine whether a disparity exists by creating a disparity index, as well as statistical significance testing.
Nongoal Analyses: Identification and review of construction projects with and without DBE goals.
Collection and Analysis of Anecdotal Information: Gathering of anecdotal information regarding contracting and purchasing practices in the relevant market area from DBE and non-DBE firms through the collection of formal complaints, structured focus groups, community meetings, in-depth interviews, stakeholder interviews, and surveys.
Conduct Multivariate Analysis: Econometric analysis in terms of the contribution that each independent or explanatory variable in the model makes towards explaining differences or variation in the dependent variable.
Identification of Race-/Gender-Neutral Policies and Their Effectiveness: An investigation and evaluation of the race- and gender-neutral programs available to businesses through the Department and in the market area through key informant interviews, documentation reviews, reviews of outcome data and tracking reports, and interviews with DBE and non-DBE firm owners. Investigations include loan programs, management and technical assistance programs, commercial anti-discrimination rules, small business enterprise programs and management and technical assistance programs. Where data are available, MGT will report the relative participation of DBEs in race- and gender-neutral programs.
Draft and Final Reports: MGT develop a comprehensive draft then final report outlining the study methodology, research findings, data analyses, and recommendations.